education heading



1715 Elizabeth Elstob publishes The Rudiments of Grammar, the first Anglo-Saxon grammar.

1760 The Moor’s Charity School for Indians was established.

1770 Phillis Wheatley publishes her first poem.

1780 Kenneth Lockridge estimates that the literacy rate of New England women was half that of men’s.

1787 Young Ladies Academy opens in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1792 Sarah Pierce opens a school in her home with one student. By 1816 she had taught 157 girls.

1792 Judith Sargent Murray published On the Equality of the Sexes.

1819 Emma Willard writes her “plan for Improving Female Education” which although unsuccessful, defines the issue of women’s education at the time.

1821 Emma Willard opened Troy Female Seminary in NY.

1823 Catherine Beecher opened a school for girls in Hartford, Connecticut.

1824 Mary Lyon opened her own school.

1826 First public high schools for girls opened in NY and Boston.

1833 Prudence Crandall opened the first private boarding school for black girls in New England.

1833 Oberlin College, in Ohio, is the first co-educational college in the world.

1838 Mount Holyoke college is established in Massachusetts as the first college for women.

1848 Seneca Falls Convention

1849 Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman in the world to receive a medical degree.

1850 The Female (later women’s) Medical college was founded in Pennsylvania.

1850 Harriet Bishop, St. Paul, Minnesota’s first school teacher opened a Female Seminary.

1850 First Federal census to measure literacy reports little difference between the number of men and women in the Northeast who can read and write.

1852 Catherine Esther Beecher founded the American Woman’s Educational Association.

1852 Mary Atkins opens the Young Ladies Seminary at Benicia (later Mills college).

1858 Mary Fellows is the first woman west of the Mississippi River to receive a baccalaureate degree.

1862 Mary Jane Patterson became the first African-American woman to get her bachelor’s degree.

1865 Vassar college opened.

1868 The Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute was opened to educate African Americans.

1870 Upon her death, Sophia Smith left $393,000 to fund the opening of Smith college.

1870 The average female teacher earned $12 a week, while male teachers earned an average of $35 a week.

1871 Harriette J. Cooke becomes the first woman college professor in the United States appointed full professor with a salary equal to her male peers.

1873 Ellen Swallow Richards becomes the first woman to receive a B.S. from MIT.

1875 Smith college opened.

1875 Wellesley opened.

1877 Helen Magill became the first woman in the United States to earn her Ph.D.

1878 The Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute began admitting Native Americans.

1881 The Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary (later Spelman College) opened.

1885 The Ramona School for Indian Girls opened in Santa Fe.

1885 Bryn Mawr opened.

1886 Montgomery Industrial School for Girls was opened by Alice White.

1889 Barnard college opens.

1889 Jane Addams and Ellen Star open Hull House, one of the United States first settlement houses.

1892 Laura J. Eisenhuth was the first woman elected to state office as Superintendent of Public Instruction.

1897 National Congress of mothers formed (now PTA).

1898 Emma M. Gillet and Ellen Spencer Mussey open the Washington College of Law.

1901 Margaret Haley becomes the first woman and first teacher to speak from the floor at a meeting of the National Education Association.

1903 Mother Jones leads a demonstration, saying that working children belong in schools.

1904 Margaret Haley calls for teachers to organize.

1904 Helen Keller becomes the first blind-deaf person to graduate from college.

1904 Mary McLeod Bethune opens Daytona School for Negro Girls.

1909 Ella Flagg Young became the first female superintendent of a large city school system.

1910 Women made up 39% of college undergraduates and 20% of college faculty.

1910 The Education of Women was published, written by Marion Talbot, the dean of women at Chicago.

1911 In The Child and the State, Margaret McMillan argues that schools discriminate against working class children.

1918 Beatrice Chambers founded a progressive school for girls named Maltman’s Green.

1921 The Bryn Mawr Summer School for Women Workers opened.

1921 The Deans of Girls in Chicago High Schools published Manners and Conduct in Schools and Out.

1925 Zora Neale Hurston is the first African American woman to be admitted to Barnard college.

1936 Maria Montessori published The Secret of Childhood.

1941 Several pieces of legislation passed which put an end to the marriage bars that prevented married women from teaching.

1945 The first class of women is admitted to Harvard Medical School.

1948 Education was proclaimed a human right in Article 26 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

1954 Brown v Board of Education

1965 Affirmative Action became law in the U.S.

1965 Higher Education Act is passed in the U.S.

1972 Title IX passed.

1973 Sexism in School and Society, by Nancy Frazier and Myra Sadker, was published.

1980 Mary Swanson started AVID program in high schools.

1980 Women make up 51% of college students.

1996 Virginia military institute was forced by the Supreme court to admit women.