Credits and Additional Information
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1. Harry M. Benshoff and Sean Griffen, America on Film: Representing Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality at the Movies (Malden: Blackwell Publishing, 2004), 33.

2. Benshoff and Griffen, 33.

3. Tom Gunning, "The Cinema of Attractions: Early Film, Its Spectator and the Avant-Garde," in Early Film, ed. Thomas Elsaesser and Adam Barker (British Film Institute, 1989).

4. Shelley Stamp, Movie-Struck Girls: Women and Motion Picture Culture After the Nickelodeon (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000), 3.

5. Benshoff and Griffen, 34.


6. Stamp, 31-32.

7. Encyclopedia Britannica Online, "Alice Guy-Blache," http://www.britannica.com/.

8. Encyclopedia Britannica Online, "Lois Weber," http://www.britannica.com/.

9. Benshoff and Griffen, 215.

10. Gwendolyn Audrey Foster, Women Film Directors: An International Bio-Critical Dictionary (Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995), 95.

11. Encyclopedia Britannica Online, "Dorothy Arzner," http://www.britannica.com/.

12. Karen W. Maher, Women Filmmakers in Early Hollywood (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006), 180.

13. Slate from the movie "It," 1927.

14. Biograph Company, "Jeannie MacPherson," http://www.biographcompany.com/celebrity/macpherson.html.

15. Stamp, 102.

16. Stamp, 102.

17. Stamp, 125.

18. Stamp, 127-128.

19. Stamp, 129.

20. Benshoff and Griffin, 211.

21. Benshoff and Griffin, 213.

22. Dawn B. Sova, Women in Hollywood: From Vamp to Studio Head (New York: Fromm International, 1998), 59.

23. Donald Bogle, Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies and Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films (New York: Continuum Publishing Company, 1989), 33.

24. Graham Russell Gao Hodges, Anna May Wong: From Laundryman’s Daughter to Hollywood Legen. (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004).

25. Joanne Hershfield, “Dolores Del Río, Uncomfortably Real: The Economics of Race in Hollywood’s Latin American Musicals,” in Classic Hollywood, Classic Whiteness, ed. Daniel Bernardi (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001), 141.

26. Hershfield.

27. Tim Dirks, “The Greatest Films,” http://www.filmsite.org.



Exhibit curated by Dr. Alison Landsberg at George Mason University (Film and Media Studies department) and written by NWHM interns Claire Love and Jen Pollack.