partners exhibit heading

Women at Home and in the Community Image
Women at Home and in the Community






Housework and voluntary activities continued to occupy the majority of married women, but these women were not idle. Women’s organizations lent their support to the war effort and promoted volunteerism.

The Women’s Advisory Committee of the War Manpower Commission made recommendations for government policy, including removing all barriers to training or employing women in any occupation and basing wages only on the basis of the work performed. Read page 1 of an article called "Advisors on WomanPower" by Virginia Price, the Executive Secretary of the Women's Advisory Committee of the War Manpower Commission. Read page 2.

Below, presidents of women's organizations watch a review of WACs at Fort Des Moines, Iowa, 1943. To the right, the Women's Bureau advocated for equal pay for women, but it was not legally required. Click on images for larger view.

Presidents of women's organizations watch a review of WACS in Iowa, 1943

Equal Pay document for women in war industries

Mary McLeod Bethune

Mary McLeod Bethune, president of the National Association of Colored Women and Founder of the National Council of Negro Women, publicized the availability of new job opportunities through black women's clubs and publications, and promoted greater opportunities for women of color as a consultant to U.S. government agencies on labor matters and female officer candidates.

Women played a prominent role in promoting the sale of war bonds to fund defense production. The General Federation of Women’s Clubs “Buy a Bomber” campaign funded production of 431 planes. Below, left is a Kroger Sponsored War Bonds Advertisement. Below center, school children in San Augustine county, Texas line up to buy War Bonds. Below right is a "Buy a Bomber" plane, a fundraiser sponsored by the General Federation of Women's Clubs, September 1943, funded the plane.

War Bonds poster

Children in line to buy war bonds

"Buy a Bomber" plane


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 Photo Credits (L to R): #1: National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, #2: Women's Bureau,
U.S. Department of Labor, #3: Library of Congress, #4: National Museum of American History,
Smithsonian Institute, #5: Library of Congress, #6: General Federation of Women's Clubs

(c) Copyright National Women's History Museum 2007