Rights for Women: The Suffrage Movement and Its Leaders

Anne Henrietta Martin (1875-1951)

Anne Henrietta Martin believed women should have equal access to all levels of political participation. As an organizer of the vote in Nevada in 1914, she struggled to give women a political voice independent of men. Martin continued this desire in her bids for Senator in 1918 and 1920 and in her peace work following World War I.

Martin was an academic and athlete before discovering her interest in suffrage in 1909 while studying in London. Returning from her experiences with British suffrage, she organized Nevada and then worked for the National Woman’s Party in many positions. She ran for Senate as an independent to escape the male dominated political parties. Although she had two unsuccessful bids for Congress, she pioneered an active political role for women and an opportunity for women to use their votes and their political skills in their own interests. In the 1920s she switched her focus to the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) while continuing her emphasis on women’s ability to develop their own political voice. Martin lived by her belief that “equality for women is a passion for me.”

Anne Henrietta Martin, Library of Congress, Manuscript Division (mnwp 275006)

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